A phone wire is a cable used for connecting a phone to the phone wall socket. It is also used for LAN connections, infra-red audio control data, and connecting a modem or a fax machine to the phone wall socket. It is made up of a twisted pair of 24 gauge (AWG) cables with eight conductors or four pairs of wires. Its solid conductor wires can connect to 66 to 110 punch-down blocks at the central node, allowing easy interconnection.
Types of Phone Wires
Kinds of Phone Wires include the following:
A regular phone wire is the one installed by telephone companies.
It does not need much twisting.
It can only support limited modem transmission.
Cat 3 TP cable
Cat 3 or category 3 is a category rating for wires.
This type of phone wire is commonly used in 10BaseT wiring used in Ethernet networks, which has a 10 megabit per second LAN specification.
Cat 5 TP cable
A Cat 5, or category 5, phone wire is more tightly twisted.
It can support up to 100 megabit networks.
It is used in networks like Asynchronous Transfer Mode and Token Ring.
Choosing Phone Wires (Buying tips)
Protection: Look for a shielded phone wire for protection from grounds, cuts, and everyday wear and tear.
Color: Choose a dark or gray colored phone wire to make it less susceptible to discoloration caused by dust and dirt.
Shape: Choose a flat (instead of round) phone wire that allows you to staple it to floors or wall edges easily without damaging them.
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