Stethoscope : What is it?
Stethoscopes are used to listen to internal body sounds, such as heartbeats, breathing sounds, and intestinal blood flow. They are used to diagnose diseases based on irregularities in body sounds. They consist of a round acoustic chestpiece and a pair of earpieces, which are connected with flexible rubber tubes. The doctor usually places the chestpiece on the patient's body and listens through the earpieces. They are designed to transmit significant sounds and filter out others, so that the doctor can detect the source of irregularity. Most stethoscopes have curved ear tubes, so that they can be worn around the neck.
Kinds of Stethoscopes include the following:
Acoustic stethoscopes have a two-sided chestpieces containing a diaphragm or bell cup.
Body sounds cause the chestpiece to vibrate. These vibrations travel up the tubes to the earpieces, where they are converted to sound. Some models can edtect through clothing, while others have to be placed directly on the skin. Bell cups usually produce lower-frequency sounds than diaphragms. They have extremely low sound levels, which can make diagnosis slow and inaccurate.
Electronic stethoscopes convert acoustic waves into electrical signals, which can then be amplified and processed to improve sound quality. Basic models have microphones built into the chestpiece for amplification, although this can result in noise and erratic transmission. Some also contain diaphragms, which are fitted with piezoelectric crystals to reinforce sound and signal transmission. This allows sound to be amplified while preserving acoustic quality. Newer models usually have volume controls, ambient noise filters, and sometimes a digital storage for recording sounds.
Tube length: Choose a stethoscope with long, flexible tubes for a better range of movement. This is useful for checking on patients on a wheelchair or with reduced mobility. Look for one that you can drape around your neck for easy retrieval.
Sensitivity: Choose a stethoscope that can detect slight differences in body sounds. Look for one with preset options for diagnosing adults, children, and infants. Make sure it can detect both high-pitched and low-pitched sounds and can pick up weak signals.
Earpieces: Make sure the earpieces fit comfortably into your ear. Look for soft, smooth earpieces that cover your ear opening without sticking too far in. The earpiece should be large enough to block external sounds and amplify significant body sounds.