Touring canoes are designed for lakes and other flat waters. They use more traditional designs are usually built for comfort and stability. They are also called recreational or tripping canoes.
They come in two types – a prospector canoe with a symmetrical hull and an arched body, and the long-distance touring canoe with a cockpit, rounded hull, lower gunwale lines, and higher rims to keep the boat drier.
Whitewater or river canoes are used for paddling in whitewater rapids, a body of water characterized by a fast and highly aerated water flow. They are usually made of tough synthetic materials, such as carbon fiber, fiberglass, and polyethylene. They are designed to withstand aggressive paddling and rough impact against rocks.
Most models have internal lashing points to keep flotation bags, harnesses, and spray decks in place. A subtype called the playboating open canoe or banana boat is designed for tricks and competitive slalom. They are often short and have very high rockers.
Square stern canoes
Square stern canoes are asymmetrical, with flat, squared-off sterns designed to hold outboard motors. They are commonly used for fishing or paddling on lakes.
Racing or sprint canoes are used for racing and fast paddling on flat waters. They are long and have narrow beams, which reduces drag and increases the speed of the boat. This, however, also makes them very unstable. They are usually paddled one one side while kneeling on one knee.
Inflatable canoes have sides and bows made from inflatable tubes and flat, flexible floors.
They are very light and ideal for rough whitewater travel, but do not work well on flat waters.